Financial Reporting and Analysis III
Reading 28. Non-current (Long-term) Liabilities
Learning Outcome Statements
c. explain the derecognition of debt;
CFA Curriculum, 2020, Volume 3
Subject 3. Derecognition of Debt
Whether debt is being retired or refinanced in some other way, accounting rules dictate that the retired debt be removed from the books and the difference between the debt's net carrying value and the funds paid to retire the debt be recognized as a gain or loss.
Assume that Cabano Corporation is retiring $200,000 face value of its 6% bonds payable. The last semi-annual interest payment occurred on April 30 and the bonds are being retired on June 30, 2010. The unamortized discount on the bonds on April 30, 2010, was $6,000, and there was a 5-year remaining life on the bonds as of that date. Further, Cabano is paying $210,000, plus accrued interest, to retire the bonds; this "early call" price was stipulated in the original bond covenant.
The first step to account for this bond retirement is to bring the accounting for interest up to date:
Interest Expense (debit): 2,200
Discount on Bonds Payable (credit): 200
Interest Payable (credit): 2,000
Then, the actual bond retirement can be recorded, with the difference between the up-to-date carrying value and the funds utilized recorded as a loss (debit) or gain (credit).
Bonds Payable (debit): 200,000
Interest Payable (debit): 2,000
Loss on Bond Retirement (debit): 15,800
Discount on Bonds Payable (credit): 5,800
Cash (credit): 212,000
Notice that Cabano's loss relates to the fact that it took a lot more cash ($210,000) to pay off the debt than was the debt's carrying value ($200,000 - $5,800 = $194,200).
User Contributed Comments 6You need to log in first to add your comment.
Don't know calculation
Some more explanation for these equation solutions would be nice here.
Yeah I don't get it
To figure the loss or gain on the debt retirement you have to get the current carrying value. 2 months have not been accounted for. 2 months of interest payable(200000x.06)/6=2000
2 months of amortization on the discount (6000/60)x2=200. Current carrying value 6000-200=5800.
Current carrying value is actually 200000-5800=194200.
5800 is the (unamortized) net discount value that is remaining at retirement.
Chuckyt, please break this down furthe