Corporate Finance II
Reading 34. Measures of Leverage
Learning Outcome Statements
d. calculate the breakeven quantity of sales and determine the company's net income at various sales levels;
e. calculate and interpret the operating breakeven quantity of sales.
CFA Curriculum, 2020, Volume 4
Subject 3. Total Leverage and Breakeven Points
Both operating leverage and financial leverage contribute to the risk associated with a firm's future cash flows. The degree of total leverage (DTL) combines DOL and DFL, and measures the impact of a given percentage change in sales on EPS.
If both DOL and DFL are high, a small change in sales leads to wide fluctuations in EPS.
The breakeven point is the volume of sales at which total costs equal total revenues, causing net income to equal zero: PQ - VQ - F - I = 0. The breakeven number of units, QBE, is:
The operating breakeven point is the number of outputs at which revenues = operating costs: PQOBE = VQOBE + F. QOBE is:
Consider a project where the fixed costs are $10,000, the variable costs are $2 per unit, the selling price per unit is $4, and the interest expense is $1,000. The breakeven sales quantity is 11,000 / (4 - 2) = 5,500 units and the operating breakeven sales quantity is 10,000 / (4 - 2) = 5,000 units.
In general, the farther unit sales are from the breakeven point for high-leverage companies, the greater the magnifying effect of this leverage.
User Contributed Comments 5You need to log in first to add your comment.
guys you can do this on the ba ii ..2nd 6 (breakeven) and fill in the deets!
for break even point you would have to make FC=10+1 (basically add the interest expense)
Good one farhan92,
i do understand the concept behind it but why are excluding the variable cost
Thank you Farhan92! Great tip!
@khalifa92: breakeven, of course.