### CFA Practice Question

There are 434 practice questions for this study session.

### CFA Practice Question

An investor currently has a portfolio valued at \$700,000. The investor's objective is long-term growth, but the investor will need \$30,000 by the end of the year to pay her son's college tuition and another \$10,000 for her annual vacation. The investor is considering three alternative portfolios:

Portfolio 1: Expected Return: 8%, Standard Deviation of Returns: 10%
Portfolio 2: Expected Return: 10%, Standard Deviation of Returns: 13%
Portfolio 3: Expected Return: 14%, Standard Deviation of Returns: 22%

Using Roy's safety-first criterion, which of the alternative portfolios most likely minimizes the probability that the investor's portfolio will have a value lower than \$700,000 at the end of the year?
A. Portfolio 1
B. Portfolio 2
C. Portfolio 3
Explanation: The investor requires a minimum return of \$40,000/\$700,000 or 5.71 percent. Roy's safety-first model uses the excess of each portfolio's expected return over the minimum return and divides that excess by the standard deviation for that portfolio. The highest safety-first ratio is associated with Portfolio 3: (14% - 5.71%)/22% = 0.3768.